The Monthly Species: June

Hello friends! So it is the end of June, once again I’m astounded that we are now half way through the year. But! Today we are talking about a mushroom. Fungi aren’t my favourite topic of conversation but I couldn’t resist because this one is so so cool. It’s sometimes referred to as Lion’s mane or bear’s head tooth fungus. It is Hericium americanum! 

Image result

Scientific Classification:

Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Russulales
Family: Hericiaceae
Genus: Hericium
Species: H. americanum

Size: The fruiting body (the fleshy bit) can grow from about 15-30cm big. That in the range of mushrooms is big!

Diet: It lives off of decaying broad-leaved trees. It is thought that this may be init ally a parasitic fungus.

Distribution: It is found as the name might suggest in america. Specifically in North East america.
Hericium americanum, picture by Josh DotyReproduction: Fungus reproduce with spores which can be many different colours. This fungus has a white spore print.

Conservation: These fungi are quite common in the states however they are a prized find. They are an edible fungi and can be quite expensive because of how big they are!

The Coolest Thing Ever About This Species:

The shape of the fruiting body is simply stunning. The ice crystal shapes when combined with many fruiting bodies can look like a frozen waterfall!

ThatBiologist Everywhere!

Twitter

Facebook

Instagram

6 in 60: Number 26 – Heart

Hello! I’m back after being gone for far too long, so this months theme of 6 in 60s will all be about human organs! Starting off with the heart, lets do this!

CGddPSXUgAAQGww
Heart and Brain: Credit to The Awkward Yeti
  1. Each day, your heart beats about 100,000 times. It pumps about 23,000 litres (5,000 gallons) of blood around your body.
  2. The heart has four compartments two smaller upper chambers called the atria and two lower larger chambers called the ventricles. The two sides of the heart are separated by the septum.
  3. The basics on how blood travels around your heart: The right side of the heart receives dark, de-oxygenated blood which has circulated around your body.It pumps this to your lungs, where it picks up a fresh supply of oxygen and becomes bright red again.The blood then returns to the left side of the heart, ready to be pumped back out to the rest of your body.
  4. Each of the chambers of the heart are separated by valves, this ensures that the blood only flows in one direction.
  5. A good belly laugh can send 20% more blood flowing through your entire body. One study found that when people watched a funny movie, their blood flow increased.
  6. A heart attack is a serious medical emergency in which the supply of blood to the heart is suddenly blocked, usually by a blood clot. Lack of blood to the heart can seriously damage the heart muscle.

This video goes in to more description on how the heart works, if you’re interested!

The Sources

The first 4 facts come from the british heart foundation. They know an awful lot about the heart and they created the video. Fact 5 comes from the Web MD page with some other interesting  facts about the heart. Fact 6 comes from the nhs information page on heart attacks.

ThatBiologist Everywhere!

Twitter

Facebook