6 in 60: Number 44 – Salmonella

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The last 6 in 60 on bacteria is all about salmonella, having a week away next week but there will be something new for the week after!

  1. It was discovered by an American scientist named Dr. Salmon, and has been known to cause illness for over 125 years.
  2. Salmonella is a rod shaped gram-negative bacterium of the Enterobacteriaceae family.
  3. Salmonellosis is the name for when you are infected by Salmonella bacteria.
  4. You usually get salmonellosis by eating contaminated food. Salmonella bacteria live in the gut of many farm animals and can affect meat, eggs, poultry and milk.
  5. Typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella typhi.
  6. Swansea university have developed a way of shrinking prostate cancer cells using a harmless strain of salmonella bacteria.

The Sources

Facts 1 and 3 comes from the CDC page. Number 2 comes from this medical guide. Fact 4 comes from the nhs page. Fact 5 is from the nhs page on typhoid fever. Fact 6 is relatively new information but here is the bbc article on it.

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6 in 60: Number 28 – Liver

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Hello, if there is one underrated organ in your body its most likely your liver. Therefore you can definitely spend a minute learning about this bad boy and saying thank you!

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  1. The liver is one of the largest organs in the human body and weighs approximately 3 pounds.
  2. The liver converts the nutrients in our diets into substances that the body can use, stores these substances, and supplies cells with them when needed. It also takes up toxic substances and converts them into harmless substances or makes sure they are released from the body.
  3. The liver comes in two lobes, the right lobe is larger than the left lobe. They are connected by a strip of connective tissue that anchors the liver to the abdominal cavity.
  4. When our liver tries to break down alcohol, the resulting chemical reaction  can damage its cells. This damage  can lead to inflammation and scarring as the liver tries to repair itself, this is called oxidative stress.
  5. You can live with only half a liver. Liver transplant is one of the few organ transplants that can come from a living donor.
  6. A common sign of a damaged liver is jaundice, a yellowness of your eyes and skin. This happens when bilirubin, a yellow breakdown product of your red blood cells, builds up in your blood.

The Sources

The first three facts although are commonly known I got directly from the U.S National Library for Medicine. The fourth fact came from drink-aware. The fifth fact comes from the NHS organ donation. The sixth fact comes from the BBC information page on the liver.

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