The Monthly Scientist: Mr September

The end of September already! Hope you’ve been all having a fantastic a year, it’s certainly rattling on through! On to who we’re celebrating today, without this guy we might be miles behind in the field of genetics, it is of course Mr Mendel.

Gregor Mendel

gregor_mendel_monk

Born: July 20, 1822

Died: January 6, 1884

Noted for: Father of genetics

Why scientist of the month?

Mendel was an Austrian Monk, who used the plants growing in his gardens founded the science of genetics. As part of his work particularly the pea plant he identified many of the rules of heredity. These rules determine how traits are passed through generations of living things. With this Mendelian genetics was founded, this includes that living things pass traits to the next generation by something which remains unchanged in successive generations of an organism – we now call this ‘something’ genes. These genetics identified recessive and dominant traits which pass from parents to offspring and most importantly it established that traits pass from parents to their offspring in a mathematically predictable way. Mendel’s work only made a big impact in 1900, 16 years after his death, and 34 years after he first published it. All of this work was done by just one person is understandably extraordinary and without this work we might be miles behind where we are now in understanding how genetics work.

ThatBiologist Everywhere!

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