Another Tuesday, another bug! This ones pretty famous but here’s 6 things to know about E. Coli.
- Escherichia coli is a rod-shaped bacterium. Each bacterium measures approximately 0.5 μm in width by 2 μm in length.
- E. coli cells stain Gram negative because they have a thin cell wall with only 1 to 2 layers of peptidoglycan.
- E. coli common in human and animal intestines, and forms part of the normal gut flora.
- E. coli bacteria are a common cause of cystitis, an infection of the bladder that occurs when there is a spread of the bacteria from the gut to the urinary system.
- Humans acquire E. coli infection by consuming contaminated food or water. Following an incubation period of about 3–4 days, a variety of gastrointestinal symptoms appear, ranging from mild to severe bloody diarrhoea, mostly without fever.
- Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) is a group of pathogenic Escherichia coli strains capable of producing Shiga toxins, with the potential to cause severe enteric and systemic disease in humans.
Want more 6 in 60 – click here!